Writing A Research Protocol / Proposal

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How to write a protocol for research project

Research is the systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data to answer a certain question or solve a problem.

Prime step in research is identifying the problem or gap i.e research question is developed. Then the research methodology is developed keeping research question in mind and the relevant matter is collected, analysed and the data generated is then interpreted accurately.

Purpose of writing protocol:

The purpose of writing a protocol is

  • To clarify the research question
  • To compile existing knowledge
  • To formulate a hypothesis and objectives
  • To decide about a study design
  • To clarify ethical considerations
  • To apply for funding
  • To have a guideline and tool for the research team

A good protocol,should be able to answer the following questions

i) Is it adequate to answer the research question(s), and achieve the study objective? ii) Is it feasible in the particular set-up for the study?

Iii) Does it provide enough detail (methodology) that can allow another investigator to do the study and arrive at comparable conclusions

contents of the research protocol:

  1. research title
  2. research objectives
  3. research question
  4. methodology
  5. project summary

Research title:

Title of the research should be in such a way that it must be Accurate, short, concise. Title should be self descriptive, must make the main objective clear, should mention the target population.

Title should be in such a way that when reader reads your research article it should be very clear and must give a reader give an idea on what the research is all about what can be expected in the research

for instance "Incidence of TB in HIV- infected children in North Uganda 2007-2008"

in this research title it is very clear that the article is all about occurrence of TB in HIV- infected children during year 2007-08 in north uganda.

Similarly when writing a research question one should be very careful, must make sure that title is self explanatory.

Research objectives:

The formulation of objectives will help to focus the study (narrowing it down to essentials), avoid the collection of data which are not strictly necessary for understanding and solving the problem you have identified and organize the study in clearly defined parts or phases

Research Objectives should be:

Logical and coherent

Feasible

Realistic, considering local conditions

Defined in operational terms that can be measured

Phrased to clearly meet the purpose of the study (relevant).

Objectives should be stated in action verbs that illustrate their purpose:

i.e. "To determine..., To compare..., To verify..., To calculate...,To reduce..., To describe..., etc.

Research question:

Research question should address

Why is the research needed?

What is the relevance of the results?

The purpose of stating the research question or research problem is to

Prevents duplication of work which has been done, Clarifies what others have found addressing the problem, familiarizes with potential methodologies and methodological errors and Should convince, that the research is needed.

Research statement Should be a convincing statement for the need to do this research

In order to approve your research project and support with funding one should be able clearly demonstrate importance of the research, future advantages of the research,how will the results be used, and who will be the beneficiaries, how the results will benefit community or science or any appropriate area and how useful will the research information will be. Research statement Should be a convincing statement for the need to do this research

Methodology:

It is an important aspect of the protocol. It Presents a detailed strategy, how the objectives are achieved.

Methodology should be realistic and organised. But when writing methodology in your research protocol one should provide only brief summary on how the research objectives are achieved. One should always make sure that methodology should be in such a way that the research question is answered and justified.

In methodology, we demonstrate tools used for data collection, research data measurement tools, data analysis and interpretation tools



Project summary:

Project summary must be concise and precise. It should give a overview of what the research is all about. It should cover the project from different facets..

Project summary should be

Concise, one page (about 300 words)

Stands on its own - no reference to protocol content

Summarises central elements (rationale, methodology, populations, time frame, expected outcomes).

Having your project plan ready and organised will be of great advantage to individual.

Project plan determines or provides information on how the project is managed,how the team or individual organised the project, how time frames are set. What are the responsibilities and how are they shared. Project plan can help one to trace the progress of the project.

Certificates

1) SANDEEP TALELE (WRP001)
2) Devang patel (WRP002)
3) Sirisha Pingali (WRP003)
4) Shilpa stanns (WRP004)
5) Praveen kumar (WRP005)
6) Khaleeq( WRP006)
7) Arshiya (WRP007 )
8) Aashish (WRP008)

About the Author

Aravindsai's picture
Author: Aravindsai

Comments

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, Please tell me how to apply for this workshop?I could't find the application form here.

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

Are you able to see it now?

regards,
Aravindsai

Ashwini Gunda's picture

am doing m.pharmacy in osmania university, i dont no anything abt research, i want to learn now
Shikha Chauhan's picture

I heartly thank pharminfo. for organizing and conducting such anice and interesting workshops and contests.

Thanks and Regards, Shikha Chauhan http://www.pharmainfo.net/shikhachauhan/biography Lecturer (Pharmaceutics) Amity Institute of Pharmacy Amity University Noida Email: schauhan@amity.edu

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, I am able to see now and thank you that your are conducting these workshops and providing the students a chance to improve their skills.

G.N.S.Hemasree

Litha Thomas's picture

hai sir, can u plz tel me how to apply for it? eagerly waiting to attend it. im thankful to pharmainfo for conducting such a useful workshop. best wishes

litha

Sujana's picture

thank u for conducting this work shop sir

sujana.K

Priyanka .p.bhosale's picture

i m filling that rejestration form but how to know me it is confirm. thank u for arraning such a nice workshop

p.p.bhosale

Aravindsai's picture

You will receive email about confirmation.

regards,
Aravindsai

Jamal Basha's picture

i heartly thankful to pharmainfo for conducting such a useful workshop.

D.jamal basha

Shiv Sagar's picture

hello Mr.aravind and Mr.sridhar, This is really a wonderful thought of conducting workshop online..its of huge importance and this would help us in our future career in research... Thanks a lot..... with regards, shivsagar " I WISH U All A VERY HAPPY NEW YEAR "
Aravindsai's picture

Thank you very much. Wish you happy new year, on behalf of me and sridhar.

regards,
Aravindsai

vishnupriya.kaliki's picture

we are very much thank full to you as it is tough job to help every one in attending workshop and clarifying the doubts one to one basis.these workshops will make us collect much more information regarding the article writing etc.

vishnupriya

Ramya Lalitha's picture

thak u for pharmainfo.net for organising such nice workshops
Prem Pathak's picture

hi sir, thank you so much to conducting a such a good workshop.
Sharath Chandra's picture

Hi sir! I am very glad to know about the workshop conducted by you.I have send the registration form for it.Kindly send me acknowledgement.
manorama meher's picture

Thank u sir for this wonderful work shop, How could i register in it and as i am a bpharma am i able to register in this??
meher manorama
Aravindsai's picture

You can, Just fill the application and apply.

regards,
Aravindsai

Kvpund's picture

Sir I want to know that from which faculty you people are taking PhD. HOW WAS U R 2010 YEAR AND WHAT R THE EXPECTETION FROM COMING YEAR?

kvpund

Aravindsai's picture

Only Sridhar is doing Phd in molecular simulations at Swinburne.You can see his profile at http://www.ict.swin.edu.au/ictstaff/skumar. I did a research project (as a part of masters) at swinburne on Education Opensource. Currently I am working for its design and development.

regards,
Aravindsai

Munawar Ali Mohammed's picture

Hi sir, I thank you for arranging such a good session. Can you plz tel, writing a research protocol will help me entering into Master's with research program in any country or specially in Australia?

munawar "The best thing in the world is the world itself."

Aravindsai's picture

Proposal is the thing which decides your entry to research in most of the universities. In some universities, it is not mandatory, but it still enhances your options to get admission. If not for admission, proposal is mandatory to get your project funded.

regards,
Aravindsai

Rabia Naveed's picture

its really a nice presentation n by atending the previous workshop ,the concept is more understandable. sir i want to know that will you give us assignment later bcoz it doesnt contain the assignment option

rabia

Aravindsai's picture

This page will be updated with assignment link soon :)

regards,
Aravindsai

Praveen Kumar Tavva's picture

Hi, Presentation was good, i have two questions for you, 1. In methodology u mentioned as two types one is intervention(clinical Trials) and second is observation (cross sectional, cohort, ecological etc) you mentioned in ur presentation, my question is, can i keep my methodology as a prospective observational study? 2. can u explain little bit more introduction/rational of the study both i have to put in introduction title or else i can make separate heading for that? because rational of the study place some times major role in case of intervention studies.
Aravindsai's picture

1. In methodology u mentioned as two types one is intervention(clinical Trials) and second is observation (cross sectional, cohort, ecological etc) you mentioned in ur presentation, my question is, can i keep my methodology as a prospective observational study? You can, all that depends on the topic you chose, and how you justify you methodology. 2. can u explain little bit more introduction/rational of the study both i have to put in introduction title or else i can make separate heading for that? because rational of the study place some times major role in case of intervention studies. Remember that there is no standard format in writing a protocol. Sometimes, you will have to use the format recommended format by the university/funding agency. As that is just a guidance format, you can change the headings.

regards,
Aravindsai

Jyothi Rmayi's picture

thank u sir for both Mr.shridhar and Mr. Aravind for conducting such an useful workshop, which is useful for those who are planing their projects

jyothirmayi

Santanu Mallik's picture

Dear Sir, Thank you very much sir for this useful presentation. Its really helping me out. I have following queries: 1. Should a good research protocol constrains by budget? 2. Can you suggest me how to get funding from authorities like AICTE, UGC depending on the research protocol? 3. Should I apply for the patent of my research protocol?

santanu m.

Aravindsai's picture

1.Should a good research protocol constrains by budget? I really did not understand this because budget depends on the topic you choose and equipments required to carry out your project. As long as you are reasonable your protocol will be a good one. 2.Can you suggest me how to get funding from authorities like AICTE, UGC depending on the research protocol? UGC grants fund to teachers.follow this link for more http://www.ugc.ac.in/financialsupport/guideline_27.html 3.Should I apply for the patent of my research protocol? You can apply patent for your research work but not for protocol. As protocol is done prior to actual research.

regards,
Aravindsai

Ashwini Gunda's picture

sir nice presentation,some what i got idea on research thank u for yr information u r working alot,
Ghelani Hardik's picture

respecter, sir i was nice presentation.it is very helpful for future prespective thanku again...

HARDIK12345

Hiren Patel's picture

nice one.....
Kavisa Ghosh's picture

Thank you Sir for conducting such an informative workshop. Regards Kavisa

Kavisa Ghosh

Vishwanath's picture

Sir, Thank you for the approval and such a nice presentation.The presentation was very informative. But as a part of the workshop I couln't find any assignment details here.

vishwanath

Aravindsai's picture

This page is updated with assignment link.

regards,
Aravindsai

Vishwanath's picture

thanku sir...

vishwanath

Rahul Adnaik's picture

Thank you registering for such a nice and informative workshop. It will definately help us for preparing our research purpose. Please add some information on the copyright material. Pr. Rahul S Adnaik
Varunraj Vemula's picture

sir, thank u very much for conducting this work shop sir..

Varunraj

manorama meher's picture

Thank u sir Its a very useful presentation. It help us in future for research. Regards Manorama
meher manorama
Haresh Mulani's picture

Thank U fr giving this useful information through this workshop.... Its a very nice work...!! I have some doubts.... In observational study methods u have given cross sectional, cohort, ecological methods. I didn't got idea about this methods.

Haresh Mulani I/C H.O.D of Department of Pharmaceutics, Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College, Dharmaj

Aravindsai's picture

Definitions: Cross-sectional studies involve observation of all of a population, or a representative subset, at a defined time. Cohort study is an analysis of risk factors and follows a group of people who do not have the disease, and uses correlations to determine the absolute risk of subject contraction. ecological study is an epidemiological study in which the unit of analysis is a population rather than an individual. We can discuss about various research methodologies in another work shop. We thought to do this in the current workshop but it makes the workshop longer and more confusing.

regards,
Aravindsai

Haresh Mulani's picture

Thank you....

Haresh Mulani I/C H.O.D of Department of Pharmaceutics, Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College, Dharmaj

Munawar Ali Mohammed's picture

Hi sir, Thank you sir. that was a sound beginning. My question is when we address ant past work done in our area of interest in our research protocol, its nowhere research. It will be a review. How can we call it a research one? Moreover, we cant apply for patent once if we go through the project.

munawar "The best thing in the world is the world itself."

Aravindsai's picture

Review in protocol is not a normal review for publication. It is to show how your research plan is. Here the purpose of review is to make the reader to know that you have up to date knowledge in the topic of interest.By this you are showing them that you have an idea on up to date methodologies for carrying out the work. Also remember that, Just review doesn't make protocol. You have to include how you would like to do it, timelines budget factors etc. Please consider going through our previous workshops on literature review http://www.pharmainfo.net/workshops/literature-review/introduction-liter... and then listen this workshop again. So that you will understand the difference between protocol and review writing. Protocols are made prior to research, It is just a plan or design. Which will be subjected to many changes at the time of real work. So it is practically hard to use protocol as patent application.

regards,
Aravindsai

Munawar Ali Mohammed's picture

Hi sir, I'm very clear with your explanation sir. Thank you sir. Yeah, i read previous workshop and I'm clear with all things.

munawar "The best thing in the world is the world itself."

Praveen Kumar Tavva's picture

Hi, You gave assignment its good only, but is it self correction? or else i have to send pharmainfo.net, can u say? warm regards
Aravindsai's picture

Please send it to sai@education-opensource.com

regards,
Aravindsai

Munawar Ali Mohammed's picture

Hello sir, Is that mandatory to submit assignment before 12th jan?

munawar "The best thing in the world is the world itself."

Devang Patel's picture

Thank you sir, Very nice presentation. It is very useful.
Sharath Chandra's picture

Thank you sir,A very neat useful presentation.What is citation manager?Is that any software to design the protocol.Please let me know that.Thanking you sir

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