How to write a review article

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HOW TO WRITE A LITERATURE REVIEW:

You first need to decide what you need to read. In many cases you will be given a booklist or directed towards areas of useful published work. Make sure you use this help. With dissertations, and particularly thesis, it will be more down to you to decide. It is important, therefore, to try and decide on the parameters of your research. What exactly are your objectives and what do you need to find out? In your review, are you looking at issues of theory, methodology, policy, quantitive research, or what? Before you start reading it may be useful to compile a list of the main areas and questions involved, and then read with the purpose of finding out about or answering these. Unless something comes up which is particularly important, stick to this list, as it is very easy to get sidetracked, particularly on the internet. A good literature review needs a clear line of argument. You therefore need to use the critical notes and comments you made whilst doing your reading to express an academic opinion. Make sure that you include a clear, short introduction which gives an outline of the review, including the main topics covered and the order of the arguments, with a brief rationale for this. There is always a clear link between your own arguments and the evidence uncovered in your reading. Include a short summary at the end of each section. Use quotations if appropriate. you always acknowledge opinions which do not agree with your thesis. If you ignore opposing viewpoints, your argument will in fact be weaker. Your review must be written in a formal, academic style. Keep your writing clear and concise, avoiding colloquialisms and personal language. You should always aim to be objective and respectful of others' opinions; this is not the place for emotive language or strong personal opinions. If you thought something was rubbish, use words such as "inconsistent", "lacking in certain areas" or "based on false assumptions" When introducing someone's opinion, don't use "says", but instead an appropriate verb which more accurately reflects this viewpoint, such as "argues", "claims" or "states". Use the present tense for general opinions and theories, or the past when referring to specific research or experiments. For instance Although Trescovick (2001) argues that attack is the best form of defence, Boycott (1969) claims that ... In a field study carried out amongst the homeless of Sydney, Warne (1999) found that ... And remember at all times to avoid plagiarising your sources. Always separate your source opinions from your own hypothesis. making sure you consistently reference the literature you are referring to. When you are doing your reading and making notes, it might be an idea to use different colours to distinguish between your ideas and those of others. [2].

References:
1) T. Ferfolja, L. Burnett, " Getting Started on Your Literature Review-General Guide for Postgraduate Research Students " [online], cited November 9, 2010, available from world wide web: http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/Litrev.pdf.
2) " How to write a literature review- UCE Birmingham" , [online], cited November 9, 2010, available from world wide web: http://www.ssdd.uce.ac.uk/learner/New%20page.htm.
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Aravindsai's picture
Author: Aravindsai

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Harsh bansal's picture

hello sir, this is harsh here and thank you for open it we r waiting for it .. thank you once again

harsh bansal

Aravindsai's picture

Thanks harsh

regards,
Aravindsai

Rabia Naveed's picture

sir finaly i ve received the confirmation email n thanks alot bt i cant understand the file nature means it is in dos style

rabia

Aravindsai's picture

Sorry i didnt get you! where did we say about dos style

regards,
Aravindsai

Rabia Naveed's picture

sir i m unable to open the assignment plz guide me wht kind of this software

rabia

Aravindsai's picture

Microsoft office 2007 should work.Otherwise please download PDF file ,

regards,
Aravindsai

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

sir, I have understand the comments that you sent in response to my assignment.But regarding the first part of the assignment is there any end date to send the filled template?

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

They is no deadline but send as soon as possible so that i can send you feedback. This makes your article to get published very soon.

regards,
Aravindsai

Rabia Naveed's picture

sir can you explain what is template and why do we make template? because i dont knw how to make template. this is frist time for me why it is necessary for literature review

rabia

Aravindsai's picture

Your final publication will not include a template. That template is to guide you through the process of literature in an organised way. It also makes us easy to assess you.

regards,
Aravindsai

Rabia Naveed's picture

bt sir of which i make the template refrence list or.......... ? i hope you dont mind that because really i dont knw how to make or arange material in form of template

rabia

Aravindsai's picture

Doesn't matter as long as you cover all the aspects of the template.

regards,
Aravindsai

Rabia Naveed's picture

sir how can we get the more information about the topic of our interest as many websites are only providing the abstract

rabia

Aravindsai's picture

For preliminary scanning abstracts are enough as they clearly indicate the research is about and the conclusions they found. http://highwire.stanford.edu/lists/freeart.dtl check this link for full free text articles. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ also check this

regards,
Aravindsai

Pushpendra Jain's picture

thnx for we information i am also searching for the same

Mind Hunter; Jiyo aur Jine do

Varunraj Vemula's picture

sir i am not able to see the slides after 06... pls..help me sir.. Varunraj

Varunraj

Aravindsai's picture

Hi Varun, It is not issue with the presentation. It might be issue with your internet, flash player or browser.

regards,
Aravindsai

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, What does actually impact factor of the journal mean ? On what basis does the impact factor is awarded to the journal ? Does it refer to the authenticity?

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

Impact factor reflects the average number of citations to articles published in the journals. It is the ratio of number of articles published to the number of citable items. Yes it is used as measure for indication of authenticity of the journal. Journal with high impact factor are considered the best. But according to me , Authenticity of the article should be based on the Authors expertise. Though I am not against the Impact factor theory I am more comfortable with the theory of Authors expertize.

regards,
Aravindsai

Amol Malpani's picture

Dear Sir, Is it word and pdf file is same. Word file showing break operation when I tried to unzip the folder. Please suggest. Regards,
Admin 123's picture

Word file changed to 97-2000 version. You should not suppose to have any problems now. Please check and advise. Also, both files are same.
K Rajakrishna's picture

dear sir, i am unable to open the word format of the assignment. i am using ms office 2007. even i have tried to open it using word 2003. please help! rajakrishna
Aravindsai's picture

Both word and pdf have same content. If you can't open doc format, try to open pdf file.

regards,
Aravindsai

Avinash Venkata's picture

sir, how to check the genuinity of the source

venkata avinash

Aravindsai's picture

You need check the authors expertise in the area.

regards,
Aravindsai

Avinash Venkata's picture

sir, in first part of assignment, what to be written in genuinity of source column given in 4 point?

venkata avinash

Aravindsai's picture

After this part of workshop, you should be able to understand genuine research article and a web article. In that column you should write why do you feel the data you collected in genuine.

regards,
Aravindsai

Aravindsai's picture

Hi all, Please send your assignments to sai@education-opensource.com. You can also send send draft versions if you need personal guidance.

regards,
Aravindsai

SS Md Shafi's picture

thanks alot sir.. PLZ... Tell me whats next I HAVE TO DO, GUIDE ME ABOUT FURTHER STEPS i have to follow sir......plz...

shafi ..

Aravindsai's picture

Just fill the template and send it to me. I will provide feedback through emails. Till your article gets published

regards,
Aravindsai

SS Md Shafi's picture

hi..sir.... what is about template..?? how a have to proceed now sir...?? please tell me....

shafi ..

Aravindsai's picture

Do you have any specific questions while filling the template?

regards,
Aravindsai

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, Is it mandatory that in text referencing should be of harvard style else can we cite it as " According to author's name (year of publication)" ?

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

Yes whole articles referencing style should be unique. Or else readers might get confused

regards,
Aravindsai

Harsh bansal's picture

HELLO SIR, sir actually i didn't get the point in assignment ... should i write all details about the review article which i want to publish ? is it about this?? or another thing?

harsh bansal

Aravindsai's picture

Yes Its about your review article. We just wanted to have a look at the data(articles) you collected, So we created a template.

regards,
Aravindsai

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, In the assignment you have given as your topic of narrowing I couldn't understand it ?what I have to write in it actually?

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

Hi Hema, You have to listen the lecture again, to understand what it means. In simple terms narrowing the topic means is "being specific"

regards,
Aravindsai

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, I have understood what does it mean but didn't get the line " your topic of narrowing" in the assignment.Please tell me what I have to fill it up

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

tell me your topic. so that i can tell you, what to write there.

regards,
Aravindsai

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, My topic is "Impact of Coffee and Tea on Type 2 Diabetes".

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

Impact of Coffee and Tea on Type 2 Diabetes. You can narrow your topic like this." Impact of chlorogenic acid on glucose absorbtion " Reason: Coffee has many constituents clorogenic , theophylline etc.. and There are many mechanism through which impact of type 2 diabetes can be decreased, for example decreased glucose absorption,antagonism towards glucose transport, Increased insulin sensitivity etc. So being specific to an ingredient in coffee and mechanism of action, decrease the burden of articles to be reviewed.

regards,
Aravindsai

Mansi Ratanghayra's picture

Hello Sir, I have received an e-mail for attending part 2 of the workshop. However, I am not able to view the presenattion on this site..I am able to download the assignment doc. Plz help.

Mansi Ratanghayra Mumbai,India

Admin 123's picture

You have access . Please login and check this page
SS Md Shafi's picture

Dear sir...... How i have to move now.....? What i have to do now...sir...????

shafi ..

Aravindsai's picture

Please download this http://www.pharmainfo.net/files/idownloads/assignment.doc Fill as much as you can and email me at sai@education-opensource.com, i will be able to guide you.

regards,
Aravindsai

vishnupriya.kaliki's picture

this is vishnupriya, iam having doudts regarding assignment that i had to submitt to attend part 2 of workshop. in the word document you had mentioned a column that " literature source to collect history " and genunity of the source".what did it clearly mean. for example for literature sourcer to collect history ,i had mention databases from where i collected the literature and the title , journal name and all. is it correct? coming to genunity ,as the literature is collected from the trusted databases and journals i feel that they are genuine and also the author of article is much expertised so i feel that they are genuine, is it correct? any way i had completed my assingment according to my knowledge,iam sending it you , if any mistakes are there , u please rectify my doubts sir , so that i can submitt it gain , with out mistakes thanking you sir

vishnupriya

Aravindsai's picture

As long as the article is written by an expert it is genuine . Send your assignment to sai@education-opensource.com, I will be able to reply you

regards,
Aravindsai

G N S HEMA SREE's picture

Sir, I have a case study with me which supports my topic. Can we include the case studies that are reported in the journals. I have a case study that was published in "The American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition". Can I use that data as an example with refering the authors.

G.N.S.Hemasree

Aravindsai's picture

Yes, As long as the work is done by the expert, you can even use the article from magazine

regards,
Aravindsai

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