Menstrual Irregularities

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Dearfriends

I am here to discuss one of the biggest worry for the women's.....its a common problem for every women.....complication of Obesity which is having link with menstrual irregularities is a good topic to discuss.......

Let us start with menstruation

1-4Menstruation is important for all women as it helps her to conceive a child. Women, who are obese or fat, may find that their menstrual cycle is disrupted. Increased amount of fat in the body increases the level of estrogen, tricking the ovaries by thinking that the body is pregnant which stops menstruation.

What are the major factors contributing menstrual irregularities?

  1. Eating disorder
  2. Hormone imbalance.
  3. Medication side effects
  4. Stress
  5. Poor nutrition

Diseases due to obesity (related to menstrual irregularities) are

  1. PCOS
  2. Anovulation
  3. Depression
  4. Excessive hunger
  5. Hypothyroidism

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:

Symptoms of PCOS

  • Hirsutism
  • Amenorrhea

Causes of PCOS

Mainly the causes are unknown but

* obesity

* insulin resistances are strongly associated with it

Anovulation:

It is a menstrual cycle disorder, in which the women can't release the egg for fertilization. People with this problem may ovulate intermittently throughout the year, or they may not ovulate at all.

Symptoms of anovulation

* irregular periods

* abnormal rise in basal body temperature

* amenorrhea

Causes of anovulation

* hormonal imbalances within the body

  • breastfeeding
  • weight gain or loss
  • too much exercise
  • extreme stress

4, 5Depression:

Menstrual disruption may lead to emotional disruption like depression.

Symptoms of depression

* Disturbed life style

* Loss of interest in daily activities

* Helplessness

* Lack of concentration

* Loss of energy, etc

Causes of depression

* Menstrual irregularities is one of the major cause of depression in women

* Premenstrual troubles

* Pregnancy and infertility

* Baby blues (postpartum depression)

* Perimenopause, etc

6Excessive hunger:

Excessive hunger is of the result arising due to obese condition.

Symptoms & Causes of excessive hunger

Inappropriate eating or overeating (appetite change) - excessive hunger itself a symptom of problems like obesity

Hypothyroidism:

Menstrual regularities is one of the major symptom in undiagnosed thyroid problems

Symptoms & Causes

* Weight gain despite diminished appetite

* Constipation

* Fatigue

* Galactorrhea (milky discharge from the breasts)

* Autoimmune conditions which may lead to hypothyroidism

* Over treatment for hyper thyriodism

Conclusions:

Rapid weight gain, increased subsequent risk for obesity may have profound effects on the tempo of menstrual irregularities

Healthy weight loss can help to maintain your menstrual cycle

This blog does not contain any plagiarized material

References

1. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. Available at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines (accessed 01 June 2010)

2. Gumbiner B (editor).Obesity 3rd edition. American College of Physicians, Philadelphia, U.S.A.; 2001(accessed 01 June 2010)

3. Fairburn CG, Brownell KD. Eating disorders and obesity:a comprehensive handbook. 2nd edition. Psychology Press, London, UK; 2002. (accessed 04 June 2010)

4. http://helpguide.org/mental/depression_signs_types_diagnosis_treatment.htm (accessed 10 May 2010)

5. http://helpguide.org/mental/depression_women.htm (accessed 10 June 2010)

6. http://www.helium.com/items/78908-excessive-hunger-causes-and-risk-factors (accessed on 14 June 2010)

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Comments

P.V.ABHIGNA's picture

Dear Madam, Very nice blog. Please explain more about the term "eating disorder" and and its relation with menstrual irregularities. Regards, Team Sentinel

ABHIGNA.P.V.

Telny Thomas Chungath's picture

Basically eating disorder may be any kind like less eating or excessive eating. during this kind of eating disorders there is lack of energy and which can be said as energy drain which causes the hormonal imbalance which further lead to menstrual irregularities. This is generally problem with the women athletes. One more problem of eating disorder is low estrogen level which also lead to menstrual irregularities.

Regards Telny Thomas

Siva Mavuduru's picture

Madam You explained in a simple way. What about the treatment to get rid of these menstrual irregularities? Can we suggest regular exercise for these patients as exercise itself cauusing some diseases?
Telny Thomas Chungath's picture

There are many treatment options are available for treating menstrual problems. This problem is a combination of physiology with psychology. So changing diet, staying warm, exercise, relaxation, yoga are some of the treatment options. In a single word keeping a discipline life style with relaxed mind set can be a best way to avoid menstrual irregularities. When we take exercise...yoga is best one to treat this problem. Nutritional state of athlete and other women is main factor during exercise because energy imbalance is the cause for menstrual irregularities. Optimizing the diet along with exercise will be better option for avoiding menstrual irregularities.

Regards Telny Thomas

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