Respiratory disease

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Respiratory disease - Diseases related to the respiratory system which includes diseases of various organs like lung, pleural cavity, bronchial tubes, trachea, upper respiratory tract, muscles of breathing, etc. Epidemiology: * In US, 1 billion suffer from colds per year.[1] * One in seven people in the UK are affected by chronic lung disease like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma.[2] * Respiratory disease is responsible for over 10% of hospitalizations and over 16% of deaths in Canada (including lung cancer).[3] Classification:[4] * Asthma * Cystic fibrosis * Emphysema * Acute respiratory distress syndrome. * Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease * Infant respiratory distress syndrome * Respiratory tract infections (Upper respiratory tract infections and lower respiratory infections) * Respiratory tumors (benign and malignant) * Pleural cavity diseases * Pulmonary vascular diseases Diagnostic tests:[4] * Chest x-ray * Pulmonary function test * Computed tomography scan * Culture of microorganisms from secretions such as sputum * Bronchoscopy * Biopsy of the lung or pleura * Ventilation - perfusion scan * Ultrasound scanning Treatment for respiratory diseases:[5] * Medications like (Corticosteroids, Bronchodilators, Antibiotics, Anticoagulants, Cancer chemotherapy, Immunosuppressant) * Physiotherapy * Oxygen * Mechanical ventilation * Liquid ventilation * Surfactant Replacement Therapy * Radiotherapy * Surgery o Removal of a cancer e.g. Pneumonectomy o Pleurodesis o Lung volume reduction surgery o Lung transplantation o Artificial lung References: 1. "National Institutes of Health - common cold". http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/commonCold/. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 2. "British Lung Foundation - Facts about ukinnam respiratory disease". http://www.lunguk.org/media-and-campaigning/media-centre/lung-stats-and-.... Retrieved 2008-04-19. 3. "Public Health Agency of Canada - Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control Chronic Respiratory Diseases". http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ccdpc-cpcmc/crd-mrc/facts_gen_e.html. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 4. "Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics," second edition, by Roger Walker, Clive Edwards, Churchill Livingstone, Pg.no: 347-383. 5. "Comprehensive Pharmacy Review" by Leon Shargel et.al, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Pg.no: 956
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Nayan Patel's picture
Author: Nayan Patel

Comments

Amol Dhiaman's picture

Seriously a nice work done...quite simple to understand. Will please tell me the best treatment for Pleural cavity diseases. With Regards Amol Dhiman

Amol Dhiaman

Dr.S.Gunasakaran's picture

Dear Mr.Amol Dhiman, Are you asking best treatment for Pleural Effusion or Pneumothorax? Regards,

Dr.S.Gunasakaran,MBBS,MD. Head - Clinical Research & Medical Affairs www.clinicalresearchsociety.org/forum

Sirisha Pingali's picture

hello nayan As you have pointed, respiratory diseases are one of the serious maladies. Particularly the western countries are very keen due to increased death rates prevailing in US, Canada etc as you have said. Among treatments, the catchy point is the Lung Transplantation. Can you throw some light on this theme?

Sirisha Pingali

http://www.pharmainfo.net/sirisha

Viswanadha Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

www.vnips.edu.in

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