Diabetes: Management

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Diabetes management is the major challenge faced by a diabetes patient. He must keep a check on the blood sugars besides the risk factors. He must maintain constant vigilance on eyes, kidneys and the foot.

Recent advances in science have made it possible to prevent the complications of diabetes through proper care. This is certainly good news for patients provided they take care of themselves.

Prevention is effective if it is started early. One shouldn't wait for the symptoms to check for the complications.
Most of the times patients and even some doctors try to avoid insulin even if it is necessary. Instead of avoiding it, doctors must encourage the patients to make use of latest painless technologies.

A combination of balanced diet, regular physical activity and medicines will result in good blood sugar control.
Patient education plays a major role in diabetic management. Doctor must counsel the patient on life style modifications, diabetes management.

A diabetic patient must carry sugar/sweet/candy always with him if he is taking medicine. Even a slight change in the activity, diet, medication may result in low sugar levels. Patient must regularly get checked for blood lipid levels (cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides). He must keep a constant check on blood pressure.

Cholesterol check must be done once in a year. Blood pressure check must be done once in three months.

Everything will be under control if proper diet, physical activity and medication are followed. Tobacco and alcohol must be avoided completely. For proper diabetes management patient needs will power which must be strengthened by his doctor and pharmacist by proper counseling.


This blog post doesnot contain any plagiarised material.


  1. http://www.healthy-india.org/preventdiabities1_a.asp
  2. Diabetes management: step by step ,By Michael H. Drucquer, Paul G. McNally
  3. http://www.gpep.com.sg/GPEP/SharedCareProgrammes/Diabetes+Health+Managem...


About the Author

Aparna Sannapu's picture
Author: Aparna Sannapu


Lakshmana Murthy's picture

Nice work by you
Uma Pratyusha's picture

Hi Aparna, Please tell me when a patient is diabetic, he is told to avoid sweets. Then why should he carry some sugars or sweets or candies with him always?


Uma Prathyusha

Prof. J. Vijaya Ratna's picture

Dear Uma Most diabetic patients take medicines to control their blood glucose level. In some situations, due to misfortune, or due to drug interaction, or due to unusual manner of eating or ill health, the bloog glucose level may suddenly fall. This is called hypoglycemia. This may lead to coma or even death. So diabetic patients are advised to carry something, which can give a quick supply of glucose, with them and also keep it ready at hand. They are advised that if they are feeling weak, they must immediately consume it and then only think about any other issue. Vijaya Ratna
Uma Pratyusha's picture

Dear madam, Thanks for clearing my doubt but doesn't that hike the blood glucose levels after that?


Uma Prathyusha

V.B.S.Aishwarya's picture

Hi Aparna, You said a diabetic patient should have a constant vigilance on eyes, kidneys and foot. why is it so?






TK Indira's picture

I find some problem in reading the flowchart.It would be better if you make it more clear.Any ways nice work by you.

T.K. Indira. http://www.pharmainfo.net/tkindira

-- "Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall..." Team 'Char'minar.

Kadapala Pruthvi Kumar Reddy's picture

It would be nice if u also included the diabetic diet

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