formula for calculating cardiac output

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Shruti Priya's picture

Cardiac output is expressed in litres per minute (1/min) and is calculated by multiplying the stroke volume by the heart rate (measured in beats per minute): Cardiac output = Stroke volume x Heart rate Reference: By Ross and Wilson's 'Anatomy and physiology'.PG no.89

Shruti Priya

K Rajakrishna's picture

cardiac put put(ml/min) = stroke volume(ml/beat) * heart rate(beats/mi) reference = principles of anotomy and physiology by tortora, gabowski. tenth edition, wiley international edition.
Swagat K. Soni's picture

Cardiac output = Stroke volume x Heart rate Ref : Ross and Wilson 'Anatomy and physiology'.PG no.89

Swagat K. Soni Anand Pharmacy college M.Pharm (Pharmacology)

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