What is the biological sources, Chemical constituents and uses of Storax?

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Sravani kompella's picture

Answer: 
Storax is obtained from Liquidamber orientalis Chemical Constituents:Phenols, Methyl ethers and resins. Uses:Expectorant http://books.google.co.in/books?id=KwYIsLRyDp4C&pg=SA1-PA131&lpg=SA1-PA1...
Mridula jayaraman's picture

Answer: 
thank you for the answer . can you just detail out the chemical constituents more

mridula jayaraman

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K Rajakrishna's picture

Answer: 
source>> Botanical: Liquidambar orientalis (MILL.) Family: N.O. Hamamelaceae CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: The most abundant constituent of Storax is Storesin, in two forms,called alpha and beta, both free and in the form of a cinnamic ester. It is an amorphous substance, melting at 168 degrees C. (334.4 degrees F.), and readily soluble in petroleum benzin. Cinnamic esters of phenylprophyl, of ethyl, of benzyl, and especially cinnamate of cinnamyl, the so-called Styrasin, have also been observed. The yield of cinnamic acid varies from 6 to 12 per cent, or even as much as 23 per cent of crystallized cinnamic acid can be obtained. Another analysis gives free cinnamic acid, vanillin, styrol, styracin, cinnamic acid-ethyl ester, cinnamic acid-phenylprophyl ester, and storesinol partly free and partly as cinnamic acid ester. Crude Storax contains from 1 to 9 per cent of matter insoluble in alcohol, and up to 30 per cent of water. When purified, it is brownish-yellow, viscous, and transparent in thin layers; entirely soluble in alcohol (90 per cent) and in ether. Boiled with solution of potassium chromate and sulphuric acid, it evolves an odour of benzaldehyde. It loses not more than 5 per cent of its weight when heated in a thin layer on a water-bath for one hour. Owing to the demand for the cinnamic esters of Storax for perfumery purposes, much of the commercial drug has been deprived of these before it is put on the market. USES: A stimulating expectorant and feeble antiseptic, at present very seldom used except as a constituent of the compound tincture of benzoin.Externally, mixed with 2 or 3 parts of olive oil, it has been found a useful local remedy in scabies. It has the same action as balsams of Tolu and Peru and benzoin. It has been recommended as a remedy in diphtheria, in pulmonic catarrhs, and as a substitute for South American copaiba in gonorrhoea and leucorrhoea. Combined with tallow or lard, it is valuable for many forms of skin disease, such as ringworm, especially in children. The taste and smell of opium is well concealed by the addition of Storax in pills, its fragrance being used frequently also in ointments. REFERENCE: http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/s/storax93.html (accesed on 24-01-2011)
Mridula jayaraman's picture

Answer: 
dear raja krishna can u just help me out saying the detailed source of storax i.e. it is obtained/ it consists of which part? thank u for the answers

mridula jayaraman

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K Rajakrishna's picture

Answer: 
Part Used---Balsam obtained from the wood and inner bark the other details are given in the above answer. i hope this will satisfy you, or else you can come up some more questions. you are welcome. reference: http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/s/storax93.html (accessed on 24-01-2011)
Mridula jayaraman's picture

Answer: 
dear raja krishna thank you very much

mridula jayaraman

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Siriki Praveen Kumar's picture

Answer: 
Biological Source:[1] It is a basalm obtained from the wounded trunk of Liquidambar orientalis Miller.It belongs to the family hamamelidaceae. Chemical constituents:[2] storesin,a alcoholic resin constitutes about 33 to 50% of the drug occurring as a free cinnamic ester.It also contains cinnamic acid,cinnamyl cinnamate and minute amounts of ethyl benzyl cinnamate.It also contains traces of vanilin. Uses:[2] It is used as a stimulant and an antiseptic. Also used as a scent in soap preparations,cosmetics and also as fixatives for heavy perfumes. It is a flavoring agent for tobacco. References: Pharmacognosy 42nd edition {C.K.Kokate, A.P.Purohit,S.B.Gokhale} Nirali prakashan Page number [1]- 11.131 and [2]-11.132

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S. Praveen Kumar.

sirikipraveen11@gmail.com

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K Rajakrishna's picture

Answer: 
you are welcome.
Mridula jayaraman's picture

Answer: 
Dear praveen kumar, very nice answer, good representation. thank u

mridula jayaraman

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