Describe the cultivation of Cardamom.

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Amol Dhiaman's picture

CULTIVATION OF CARDAMOM The main conditions for growing large cardamom are: * Temperature range (oC): max. 14-33; min. 4-22 * Season: April-September * Annual precipitation: 200-250 cm (well distributed throughout the year) * Altitude range: 765-1675 m above MSL * Morphology: 4-5 distinct types * Average life of a plant: 20 years * Bearing period: max. 6-10 years and steady yield throughout * Flowering and fruiting: four months from April to July * Harvesting: September-January; peak period - late October to mid December. The flowering season starts in May and continues up to August. It takes about four months for the fruits to mature. Harvesting is done by collecting panicles containing ripe fruits with the help of a special chisel-shaped narrow knife, which is specially made for this purpose. Harvesting is done once a year, and because of this there will be some immature fruits in the harvested lot. After harvesting, the individual capsules are Cardamom (large) 137 separated from spikes by hand. At the time of harvesting, old sterile dried shoots which do not bear fruits are also removed, by the same knife, locally known as 'Elaichi Chhuri'. During the third year, when first flowering starts in new plantations, the yield of dry fruits is negligible (25 kg or so per hactare). In subsequent years, every year the yield increases until it reaches a maximum in the sixth and seventh year. Yield at this stage varies greatly from 0.3 to 1.0 tonnes of dry cardamom per hectare according to the management and growing conditions of plantations. For one or two years the maximum yield is maintained and then it starts declining to a considerably lower level by the twelfth year. The rate and extent of yield decline again is very much dependent on the management and growing conditions. Reference: With Regards Amol Dhiman Team GLORY

Amol Dhiaman

sirisha Mulukuri's picture


hi  can u send me the information about cultivation of cardamom to mail

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