chemical constituents of Honey

Sponsored Links


Sudha Thamarapalli's picture

Chemical constituents of honey- Glucose-35% Fructose-45% Sucrose about 2%[1] Ref: 1. S.B.Gokale, A text book of pharmacognosy, nirali prakashan, 9.162



Seema Meena's picture

Honey is a supersaturated sugar solution, created by bees, and used by human beings as a sweetener. However, honey is more than just a supersaturated sugar solution; it also contains acids, minerals, vitamins, and amino acids in varying quantities. In this article, we will briefly explore the chemical composition of honey. ref :


Narmadha's picture

Chemical Constituents of Honey is: >Glucose 35% >Fructose 45% >Sucrose about 2% The other constituents of honey are maltose,gum,traces of succinic acid,acetic acid,dextrin,formic acid,colouring matters,enzymes and traces of vitamins. Ref:PHARMACOGNOSY by C.K.KOKATE,A.P.PUROHIT,S.B.GOKHALE Fourty Second Edition. Page no:7.40

With regards, Narmadha  

K Rajakrishna's picture

Chemical Composition of Honey CARBOHYDRATES Unsurprisingly, these comprise the major portion of honey - about 82%. The carbohydrates present are the monosaccharides fructose (38.2%) and glucose (31%); and disaccharides (~9%) sucrose, maltose, isomaltose, maltulose, turanose and kojibiose. There are also some oligosaccharides present (4.2%), including erlose, theanderose and panose, formed from incomplete breakdown of the higher saccharides present in nectar and honeydew. PROTEINS AND CARBOHYDRATES Honey contains a number of enzymes, including invertase, which converts sucrose to glucose and fructose; amylase, which breaks starch down into smaller units; glucose oxidase, which converts glucose to gluconolactone, which in turn yields gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide; catalase, which breaks down the peroxide formed by glucose oxidase to water and oxygen; and acid phosphorylase, which removes inorganic phosphate from organic phosphates. Honey also contains eighteen free amino acids, of which the most abundant is proline. VITAMINS, MINERALS AND ANTIIOXIDATS Honey contains trace amounts of the B vitamins riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, pantothenic acid and vitamin B6. It also contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and the minerals calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, selenium, chromium and manganese. The main group of antioxidants in honey are the flavonoids, of which one, pinocembrin, is unique to honey and bee propolis. Ascorbic acid, catalase and selenium are also antioxidants. Generally speaking, the darker the honey, the greater its antioxidising properties. OTHER COMPOUNDS Honey also contains organic acids such as acetic, butanoic, formic, citric, succinic, lactic, malic, pyroglutamic and gluconic acids, and a number of aromatic acids. The main acid present is gluconic acid, formed in the breakdown of glucose by glucose oxidase. Honey also contains hydroxymethylfurfural, a natural product of the breakdown of simple sugars below pH 5. reference:
Siriki Praveen Kumar's picture

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF HONEY: IT IS AN AQUEOUS SOLUTION OF *GLUCOSE- 35% *FRUCTOSE-45% *SUCROSE -02% Other constituents include maltose,gum,succinic acid,acetic acid,dextrin,formic acid,colouring matters,enzymes and traces of vitamins. References: Pharmacognosy 42nd edition {C.K.Kokate, A.P.Purohit,S.B.Gokhale} Nirali prakashan Page number- 7.40


S. Praveen Kumar.

Pharma warriors

You May Also Like..